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The Face of the Trinity

The Trinitarian Essential for the Whole of God and Life


(Secondary Source)

Ch 1

Ch 2

Ch 3

Ch 4

Ch 5

Ch 6

Ch 7

Ch 8

Ch 9

Ch 10

Printable pdf
of entire study

Table of Contents

Scripture Index



Anatolios, Khaled, Retrieving Nicea: The Development and Meaning of Trinitarian Doctrine (Grand Rapids: Baker Academic, 2011).


Balz, Horst, Gerhard Schreider, eds., Exegetical Dictionary of the New Testament, 3 vols. (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1990).


Barbeau, Jeffrey W., and Beth Falker Jones, eds., Spirit of God: Christian Renewal in the Community of Faith (Downers Grove, IL: IVP Academic, 2015).


Bartholomew, Craig, Colin Greene, and Karl Moller, eds., After Pentecost: Language and Biblical Interpretation (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2001).


Bauckham, Richard, “Biblical Theology and the Problems of Monotheism,” in Craig Bartholomew, Mary Healy, Karl Möller, Robin Parry, eds., Out of Egypt: Biblical Theology and Biblical Interpretation (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2004).


Bielfeldt, Dennis, “The Peril and Promise of Supervenience for Scientific-Theological Discussion,” in Niels Hendrik Gregersen, Willem B. Drees and Ulf Gorman, eds., The Human Person in Science and Theology (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2000).


Bockmuehl, Markus, Seeing the Word: Refocusing New Testament Study (Grand Rapids: Baker Academic, 2006).


Bockmuehl, Markus and Alan J. Torrance, eds., Scripture’s Doctrine and Theology’s Bible: How the New Testament Shapes Christian Dogmatics (Grand Rapids: Baker Academic, 2008).


Boff, Leonardo, Trinity and Society (Eugene, OR: Wipf & Stock Publishers, 2005).


Brooks, David, The Social Animal: The Hidden Sources of Love, Character, and Achievement (New York: Random House, 2011).


_______, Interview by James Atlas, Newsweek, March 7, 2011.


Brown, Colin, ed., The New International Dictionary of New Testament Theology, 3 vols. (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1975).


Brown, Warren S., Nancey Murphy and H. Newton Malony, eds., Whatever Happened to the Soul? Scientific and Theological Portraits of Human Nature (Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 1998.


Brubaker, Pamela K., Globalization at What Price? Economic Change and Daily Life (Cleveland, OH: The Pilgrim Press, 2001).


Brueggemann, Walter, Mandate to Difference: An Invitation to the Contemporary Church (Louisville, KY: Westminster John Knox Press, 2007).


Buckley, James J., and David S. Yeago, eds., Knowing the Triune God: The Work of the Spirit in the Practices of the Church (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2001).


Cacioppo, John T. and William Patrick, loneliness: Human Nature and the Need for Social Connection (New York: W.W. Norton, 2008).


Chan, Simon, Asian Theology: Thinking the Faith from the Ground Up (Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Academic, 2014).


Chilton, Bruce D., “Judaism and the New Testament” in Daniel G. Reid, ed., The IVP Dictionary of the New Testament (Downers Grove: InterVarsity Press, 2004).


Crisp, Oliver D., and Fred Sanders, eds., Advancing Trinitarian Theology: Explorations in Constructive Dogmatics (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2014).


Cunningham, David S., “The Trinity” in Kevin J. Vanhoozer, ed., The Cambridge Companion to Postmodern Theology (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003).


Damasio, Antonio, Self Comes to Mind: Constructing the Conscious Brain (New York: Pantheon Books, 2010).


Darko, Daniel K. and Beth Snodderly, eds., First the Kingdom of God: Global Voices on Global Mission (Pasadena: Wm. Carey International University Press, 2014).


Davies, Brian, “Simplicity” in Charles Taliaferro and Chad Meister, eds., The Cambridge Companion to Christian Philosophical Theology (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010).


Dawkins, Richard, The Selfish Gene (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1986).


De La Torre, Miguel A. and Stacey M. Floyd-Thomas, eds., Beyond the Pale: Reading Theology from the Margins (Louisville: Westminster John Knox Press, 2011).


Dunn, James D.G., “Criteria for a Wise Reading of a Biblical Text” in David F. Ford and Graham Stanton, eds., Reading Texts, Seeking Wisdom (London: SCM Press, 2003).


_______, ed., The Cambridge Companion to St. Paul (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003).


Ellis, Bruce and Peter Goodwin Heltzel, eds., Evangelicals and Empire: Christian Alternatives to the Political Status Quo (Grand Rapids: Brazos Press, 2008).


Escobar, Samuel, The New Global Mission: The Gospel from Everywhere to Everyone (Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 2003).


Evans, Craig A. and Stanley E. Porter, eds., Dictionary of New Testament Background (Downers Grove: InterVarsity Press, 2000).


Fee, Gordon D., God’s Empowering Presence: The Holy Spirit in the Letters of Paul (Peabody, MA: Hendrickson Publishers, 1994).


Ford, David F. and Graham Stanton, eds., Reading Texts, Seeking Wisdom (London: SCM Press, 2003).


Giddens, Anthony, The Consequence of Modernity (Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1990).


Gleiser, Marcelo, The Island of Knowledge: The Limits of Science and the Search for Meaning (New York: Basic Books, 2014).


Goffman, Erving, The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life (New York: Doubleday Anchor Books, 1959).


Goldingay, John, Old Testament Theology: Vol. Two: Israel’s Faith (Downers Grove, IL: IVP Academic, 2006).


Green, Gene L., Stephen T. Pardue and K. K. Yeo, eds., Jesus without Borders: Christology in the Majority World (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2014).


_______, The Trinity among the Nations: The Doctrine of God in the Majority World (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2015).


Greenman, Jeffrey P. and Gene L. Green, eds., Global Theology in Evangelical Perspective: Exploring the Contextual Nature of Theology and Mission (Downers Grove, IL: IVP Academic, 2012).


Gregersen, Niels Henrik, “Varieties of Personhood: Mapping the Issues” in Niels Gregersen, William B. Drees and Ulf Gorman, eds., The Human Person in Science and Theology (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2000).


Grenz, Stanley J., A Primer on Postmodernism (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1996).


_______, Rediscovering the Triune God (Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 2004).


_______, The Social God and the Relational Self: A Trinitarian Theology of the Imago Dei (Louisville: Westminster John Knox Press, 2001).


Grudem, Wayne, Evangelical Feminism and Biblical Truth (Sister, OR: Multnomah Publishers, 2004).


Gunton, Colin E., Act and Being: Towards a Theology of the Divine Attributes (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2002).


Hardy, Daniel W., “Reason, Wisdom and the Interpretation of Scripture” in David F. Ford and Graham Stanton, eds., Reading Texts, Seeking Wisdom (London: SCM Press, 2003).


Harris, R. Laid, Gleason L. Archer, Jr., Bruce Waitke, eds., Theological Wordbook of the Old Testament, 2 vols. (Chicago: Moody Press, 1980).


Hauerwas, Stanley, “On doctrine and ethics,” in Colin E. Gunton, ed., The Cambridge Companion to Christian Doctrine (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997).


Hays, Richard B., “The Palpable Word as Ground of Koinonia,” in Douglas V. Henry and Michael D. Beaty, eds., Christianity and the Soul of the University: Faith as a Foundation for Intellectual Community (Grand Rapids: Baker Academic, 2006).


Held, David, Anthony McGrew, David Goldblatt and Jonathan Perraton, eds., Global Transitions: Politics, Economics and Culture (Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1999).


Hellerman, Joseph H., The Ancient Church as Family (Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 2001).


Heslam, Peter, ed., Globalization and the Good (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2004).


Hiebert, Paul G., Transforming Worldviews: An Anthropological Understanding of How People

            Change (Grand Rapids: Baker Academic, 2008).


Hill, Jonathan, Faith in the Age of Reason: The Enlightenment from Galileo to Kant, (Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 2004).


Hooker, Morna D., Endings: Invitations to Discipleship (Peabody, MA: Hendrickson Publishers, 2003).


Hurtado, Larry W., Lord Jesus Christ: Devotion to Jesus in Earliest Christianity (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2003).


Jenkins, Philip, The New Faces of Christianity: Believing the Bible in the Global South (New York: Oxford University Press, 2006).


______, The Next Christendom: The Coming of Global Christianity (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002).


Johnson, Todd M. and Cindy M. Wu, Our Global Families: Christians Embracing Common Identity in a Changing World (Grand Rapids: Baker Academic, 2015).


Kaiser, Walter C., Peter H. Davids, F.F. Bruce and Manfred T. Brauch, eds., Hard Sayings of the Bible (Downers Grove: InterVarsity Press, 1996).


Kambara, Kary A.,  A Theology of Worship: ‘Singing’ a New Song to the Lord (2011). Online at http://4X12.org.


_______, Hermeneutic of Worship Language: Understanding Communion with the Whole of God (Worship Language Study, 2013). Online at http://4X12.org.


_______, Worshiping God in Likeness of the Trinity: Not Determined ‘in Their Way’ (Uncommon Worship Study, 2016). Online at http://4X12.org.


Kärkkäinen, Veli-Matti, The Trinity: Global Perspectives (Louisville: Westminster John Knox Press, 2007).


_______, Christ and Reconciliation (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2013).


Keener, Craig, The IVP Bible Background Commentary, New Testament (Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 1993).


Keener, Craig and M. Daniel Carroll R., eds., Global Voices: Reading the Bible in the Majority World (Peabody, MA: Hendrickson Publishers, 2013).


Kelly, J.N.D., Early Christian Doctrines, rev. (Peabody, MA: Prince Press, 2004).


Kim, Seyoon, Paul and the New Perspective: Second Thoughts on the Origin of Paul’s Gospel (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2002).


Kittel, Gerhard, ed., Theological Dictionary of the New Testament, 10 vols. (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1974).


Kuhn, Thomas S, The Structure of Scientific Revolutions, 2nd ed. (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1970).


Küng, Hans, The Beginning of All Things: Science and Religion (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2007).


LaCugna, Catherine Mowry, ed., Freeing Theology: the Essentials of Theology in Feminist Perspective (San Francisco: Harper, 1993).


_______, God for Us: The Trinity and Christian Life (New York: HarperCollins Publishers, 1991).


Ladd, George Eldon, A Theology of the New Testament, rev. (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1993).


Lane, Tony, A Concise History of Christian Thought, completely revised and expanded edition (London: T&T Clark, 2006).


Lanier, Jaren, You Are Not a Gadget: A Manifesto (New York: Alfred A, Knopf, 2010).


Laughery, Gregory, “Language at the Frontiers of Language,” in Craig Bartholomew, Colin Greene, Karl Moller, eds., After Pentecost: Language and Biblical Interpretation (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2001).


Lessing, Gotthold, Lessing’s Theological Writings, trans. by Henry Chadwick (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1956).


Lynch, Gordon, Understanding Theology and Popular Culture, (Australia: Blackwell Publishing, 2005).


Mahbubani, Kishore, The New Asian Hemisphere: The Irresistible Shift of Global Power to the East (New York: Public Affairs, 2008).


Malina, Bruce J. and John J. Pilch, Social-Science Commentary on the Book of Revelation (Minneapolis, MN: Fortress Press, 2000).


Malina, Bruce J. and Richard L. Rohrbaugh, Social-Science Commentary on the Synoptic Gospels (Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 1992).


Matsuo, T. Dave, “Did God Really Say That?” Theology in the Age of Reductionism (Theology Study, 2013). Online at http://4X12.org.


______, Following Jesus, Knowing Christ: Engaging the Intimate Relational Process (Spirituality Study, 2003). Online at http://www.4X12.org.


______, The Global Church Engaging the Nature of Sin & the Human Condition: Reflecting, Reinforcing, Sustaining or Transforming (Global Church Study, 2016). Online at http://www.4X12.org.


______, The Gospel of Transformation: Distinguishing the Discipleship and Ecclesiology Integral to Salvation (Transformation Study, 2015). Online at http://www.4X12.org.


_______. Jesus into Paul: Embodying the Theology and Hermeneutic of the Whole Gospel (Integration Study, 2012). Online at http://www.4X12.org.


_______, The Person in Complete Context: The Whole of Theological Anthropology Distinguished (Theological Anthropology Study, 2014. Online: http://4X12.org.


_______, The Person, the Trinity, the Church: The Call to Be Whole and the Lure of Reductionism (Wholeness Study, 2006). Online at http://www.4X12.org.


_______, The Relational Progression: A Relational Theology of Discipleship (Discipleship Study, 2004). Online: htt://www.4X12.org.


_______, Sanctified Christology: A Theological & Functional Study of the Whole of Jesus (Christology Study, 2008). Online at http://www.4X12.org.


_______, The Whole of Paul and the Whole in His Theology: Theological Interpretation in Relational Epistemic Process (Paul Study, 2010). Online at http://www.4X12.org.


McCall, Thomas H., Which Trinity? Whose Monotheism? Philosophical and Systematic Theologians on the Metaphysics of Trinitarian Theology (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2010).


McGilchrist, Iain, The Master and his Emissary: The Divided Brain and the Making of the Modern World (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2010).


McKnight, Scot, Peter Rollins, Kevin Corcoran and Jason Clark, eds., Church in the Present Tense: A Candid Look at What’s Emerging (Grand Rapids: Brazos Press, 2011).


Middleton, J. Richard, The Liberating Image: The Imago Dei in Genesis 1 (Grand Rapids: Brazos Press, 2005).


Moulton, Harold K., ed., The Analytical Greek Lexicon Revised (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1978).


Murphy, Nancey, Theology in a Postmodern Age (Czech Republic: International Baptist Theological Seminary, 2003).


Naugle, David K., Worldview: the History of a Concept (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2002).


Neville, Robert Cummings, “On the Complexity of Theological Literacy,” in Rodney I. Petersen and Nancy M. Rourke, eds., Theological Literacy for the Twenty-First Century (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2002).


Niebuhr, H. Richard, Christ and Culture 50th-anniversary ed. (N.Y.: Harper San Francisco, 2001).


Nisbet, Richard E., The Geography of Thought: How Asians and Westerners Think Differently . . . and Why (New York: Free Press, 2003).


Olson, Roger E., The Story of Christian Theology: Twenty Centuries of Tradition and Reform (Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 1991).


Ott, Craig and Harold A. Netland, eds., Globalizing Theology: Belief and Practice in an Era of World Christianity (Grand Rapids: Baker Academic, 2006).


Pearse, Meic, Why the Rest Hates the West: Understanding the Roots of Global Rage (Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 2004).


Phan, Peter C., ed., The Cambridge Companion to the Trinity (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2011).


Pilch, John J. and Bruce J. Malina, eds., Biblical Social Values and Their Meaning: A Handbook (Peabody, MA: Hendrickson Publishers, 1993).


Ramachandra, Vinoth, Subverting Global Myths: Theology and the Public Issues Shaping Our World (Downers Grove, IL: IVP Academic, 2008).


Rogers Jr., Eugene F., After the Spirit: A Constructive Pneumatology from Resources outside the Modern West (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2005).


Sacks, Oliver, Musicophilia: Tales of Music and the Brain (New York: Vintage Books, 2008).


Sanders, E. P., Paul: A Very Short Introduction (New York: Oxford University Press, 2001).


Sapolsky, Robert M., “How humans are formed,” OP-ED, Los Angeles Times, August 3, 2014.


Schultze, Quentin J., Habits of the High-Tech Heart: Living Virtuously in the Information Age (Grand Rapids: Baker Academic, 2002).


Shults, F. LeRon, Reforming Theological Anthropology: After the Philosophical Turn to Relationality (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2003).


Smith, James K. A., and James H. Olthuis, eds., Radical Orthodoxy and the Reformed Tradition: Creation, Covenant and Participation (Grand Rapids: Baker Academic, 2005).


Smith, Kay Higuera, Jayachitra Lalitha and L. Daniel Hawk, eds., Evangelical Postcolonial Conversations: Global Awakenings in Theology and Praxis (Downers Grove, IL: IVP Academic, 2014).


Stassen, Glen H., D.M. Yeager, John Howard Yoder, Authentic Transformation: A New Vision of Christ and Culture, (Nashville: Abingdon Press, 1996).


Steiner, George, Real Presences (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1991).


Taleb, Nassim Nicholas, The Black Swan: The Impact of the Highly Improbable (New York: Random House, 2007).


Taliaferro, Charles and Chad Meister, eds., The Cambridge Companion to Christian Philosophical Theology (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010).


Thiselton, Anthony C., “Biblical studies and theoretical hermeneutics” in John Barton, ed., The Cambridge Companion to Biblical Interpretation (Cambridge: Cambridge Press, 1998).


_______, New Horizons in Hermeneutics: The Theory and Practice of Transforming Biblical Reading (Grand Rapids: Zondervan Publishing House, 1992).


_______, The Promise of Hermeneutics (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1999).


_______, The Holy Spirit—in Biblical Teaching, through the Centuries, and Today (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2013).


Torrance, Alan J., “Can the Truth Be Learned?” in Markus Bockmuehl and Alan J. Torrance, eds., Scripture’s Doctrine and Theology’s Bible: How the New Testament Shapes Christian Dogmatics (Grand Rapids: Baker Academic, 2008).


Turkle, Sherry, Alone Together: Why We Expect More from Technology and Less from Each Other (New York: Basic Books, 2011).


Vanhoozer, Kevin J., ed. Dictionary for Theological Interpretation of the Bible (Grand Rapids: Baker Academic, 2005).


_______, First Theology: God, Scripture and Hermeneutics (Downers Grove: InterVarsity Press, 2002).


Vickers, Jason E., Invocation and Assent: The Making and Remaking of Trinitarian Theology (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2008).


Vine, W.E., Vine’s Expository Dictionary of Old and New Testament Words (New Jersey: Fleming H. Revell Co., 1981).


Volf, Miroslav, After Our Likeness: The Church as the Image of the Trinity (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1998).


_______, “Community Formation as an Image of the Triune God: A Congregation Model of Church Order and Life,” in Richard N. Longenecker, ed., Community Formation in the Early Church and in the Church Today (Peabody, MA: Hendrickson Publishers, 2002).


Watzlawick, Paul, Janet Helmick Beavin, and Don D. Jackson, Pragmatics of Human Communication: A Study of Interactional Patterns, Pathologies, and Paradoxes (New York: W.W. Norton & Company, Inc., 1967).


Wenham, David, Did St. Paul Get Jesus Right? The Gospel According to Paul (Oxford: Lion Hudson, 2010).


West. Cornel and Eddie S. Glaude Jr., eds., African American Religious Thought: An Anthology (Louisville: Westminster John Knox Press, 2003).


Westerholm, Stephen, Perspectives Old and New on Paul: The “Lutheran” Paul and His Critics (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2004).


Westermann, Claus, Theological Lexicon of the Old Testament, trans. Mark E. Biddle (Peabody, MA: Hendrickson Publishers, 1997).


Wilkins, Michael J., Discipleship in the Ancient World and Matthew’s Gospel (Grand Rapids: Baker Books, 1995).


Wolterstorff, Nicholas, “The Promise of Speech-act Theory for Biblical Interpretation” in Craig Bartholomew, Colin Greene, Karl Moller, eds., After Pentecost: Language and Biblical Interpretation (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2001).


Wright, N.T., The Climax of the Covenant: Christ and the Law in Pauline Theology (Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 1993).


_______, “Whence and Whither Historical Jesus Studies in the Life of the Church?” in Nicholas Perrin and Richard B. Hays, eds., Jesus, Paul and the People of God: A Theological Dialogue with N.T. Wright (Downers Grove: IVP Academic, 2011).


Yong, Amos, Who Is the Holy Spirit? A Walk with the Apostles (Brewster, MA: Paraclete Press, 2011).


Zimmermann, Jens, Recovering Theological Hermeneutics: An Incarnational-Trinitarian Theory

            of Interpretation (Grand Rapids: Baker Academic, 2004).


Zizioulos, John D., Being as Communion: Studies in Personhood and the Church (Crestwood, NY: St. Vladimir’s Seminary Press, 1985).


Zodhiates, Spiros, ed., Hebrew-Greek Key Word Study Bible (Chattanooga: AMG Publishers, 1996).




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